Managing earthquake-prone buildings
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The Government has introduced legislation into Parliament to change the system for managing earthquake-prone buildings. The Building (Earthquake-prone Buildings) Amendment Bill is available on the New Zealand Legislation website . Further details on the Parliamentary process can be found on the Parliament website .
The changes follow recommendations by the Canterbury Earthquakes Royal Commission and a comprehensive review (including consultation) by the Ministry of Business, Innovation and Employment (MBIE).
Many earthquake-prone buildings in New Zealand are not being managed in a consistent, timely and cost effective way. A clear view has emerged that the current system is not achieving an acceptable level of risk in terms of protecting people from serious harm in moderate earthquakes.
The new system is designed to strike a better balance between protecting people from harm in an earthquake and managing the costs of strengthening or removing earthquake prone buildings.
It will give central Government a greater role in providing leadership and direction in relation to earthquake-prone buildings, to make better use of the resources and capability of central and local government.
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- To identify those that are earthquake-prone, territorial authorities will have to complete a seismic assessment of all non-residential buildings and all multi-unit, multi-storey residential buildings in their areas within five years of changes to the new legislation taking effect.
- All earthquake-prone buildings will have to be strengthened, or demolished, within 20 years of the new legislation taking effect (i.e. assessment by territorial authorities within five years and strengthening within 15 years of assessment).
- A publicly accessible register of earthquake-prone buildings will be set up by MBIE.
- Certain buildings will be prioritised for assessment and strengthening such as:
- buildings likely to have a significant impact on public safety,e.g. those with potential falling hazards
- strategically important buildings,e.g. those on transport routes identified as critical in an emergency.
- Owners of some buildings will be able to apply for exemptions from the national timeframe for strengthening. These will be buildings where the effects of them failing are likely to be minimal and could include farm buildings with little passing traffic.
- Owners of earthquake-prone category 1 buildings (listed on the register of historic places under the Historic Places Act 1993) and those on the proposed National Historic Landmarks List, will be able to apply for extensions of up to 10 years to the national timeframe for strengthening.
Once the Bill is passed into law, it is likely there will be a transition period before the law takes effect while detailed implementation issues are worked through. MBIE will be working with territorial authorities and engineers on implementing these changes.
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Consultation process and submissions received
The Government consulted on its proposals to change the system. The consultation document, ‘Building Seismic Performance’, outlining proposals to improve the system for managing earthquake-prone buildings, was released on 7 December 2012, with a closing date for submissions of 8 March 2013.
The consultation proposals arose from the Royal Commission’s recommendations and MBIE’s review.
Public meetings were held in Auckland, Wellington, Christchurch, Dunedin, Hamilton, Palmerston North, and Napier in February 2013 to support the consultation process.
535 submissions were received from individuals and groups including: building owners, engineers, local government, architects, insurers and disability and heritage advocates.
What submitters said
Most of the proposals were supported by submitters and are included in the Government’s proposals for legislative change. Some changes were made to the Government’s original proposals as a result of feedback from the consultation.
Read the Full report on the consultation process, Building Seismic Performance [PDF 671 KB, 133 pages]
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